Answered By: Lorna Smith
Last Updated: May 11, 2023     Views: 8

This is called secondary referencing. IEEE doesn’t allow for secondary referencing, so ideally you will need to locate and read the primary source if you want to use it. However, if you really need to secondary reference, you will need to indicate this in your text.

Situation A: you can’t find the primary source
You only reference the secondary source in your final list. You then refer to the primary source in your text, for example:

…according to Smith, as cited by Jones [11, p. 5], rust is prevalent in…

Situation B: you can find both primary and secondary source
You reference both the primary and secondary sources in your reference list and cite them independently as you would any other reference.